Jas's Middle Eastern Rhythms List

Look at this first:

  • rhythms annotations page -- contains a great deal of information about some of these rhythms.

    I notice there is a tendancy for beginning drummers to want to quickly "collect" as many rhythms as they can. (Hey, I did it too.) Let me point out that it is not the number of rhythms you can play, it's more about being able to communicate clearly with the vocabulary you have. Some of the "best" Middle Eastern drummers usually play only a couple of rhythms. Most songs are to basic rhythms of 2, 4, 6 or 8. The art of Middle Eastern drumming is in doing the most with what you have -- playing perfectly and precisely -- ornamenting the rhythm appropriately -- making all of the sounds that your instrument can make pleasingly.

     TODO: this page is not very well formatted yet and lacks
      hotlinks between rhythms among other things
    That said here is a "convenient" list of a few hundred rhythms and variations.


    `abwanii (6/8=2+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    `alaajjii(tunisia) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    `aliilaawii(iraq) (10/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    `allaajii (6/8=3+3)
    see: mudawwar al-Hawzii(Algeria/Tunisia)


    `allaawii(algeria) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    `araj al-batii' (3/4)
    see: yuruk as-samaa`ii


    `araj as-samaa`ii (3/4)
    see: yuruk as-samaa`ii


    `araj at-turkii (5/8=2+3)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    `araj at-turkii (5/8)
    [' Turkish late 19th c.']







    ,[MIDI]

    `arda al-awwal(kuwait) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    `arda ath-thaanii(kuwait) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    `arwaasii ath-thaanii(libya) (8/16)







    ,[MIDI]

    `arwasii al-awwal(libya) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    `athamaanii al-awwal(libya) (3/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    `athamaanii ath-thaanii(libya) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    `awiis (11/8=3+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    `awiis (11/4=3+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    `awiis (11/4=3+3+5)
    ["Touma's version : rotated from others I've seen"]







    ,[MIDI]

    a`araj al-kabiir (18/8=3+3+2+2+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    a`araj samaa`ii (3/4)
    see: daarij


    aaghr aqsaaq samaa`ii (20/8=10+10)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI] Touma: without 3rd DUM





    ,[MIDI]

    aanadulus (7/8=4+3)
    see: dawr al-hindii


    abyaat(tunisia) (8/8)







    ,[MIDI]3+2+3





    ,[MIDI]4+4

    adoni(yemen) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    afr mawlawii (9/4=4+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    aghr aqsaaq turkii (5/4=4+1?)







    ,[MIDI]

    aghr aqsaq (9/4=4+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    aghr dawr hindii (7/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    al fezzaanii ath-thaalath(libya/tunisia) (8/16=4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    al foks al-`arabii (2/8)
    [' see also "vox"']







    ,[MIDI]

    al jalwah(libya) (2/8)
    see: al foks al-`arabii


    al masa al-habiib(kuwait) (16/4=2+2+2+2+2+4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    al muthallath(iraq) (8/8)
    see: jubii(Iraq)


    amrii(libya) (14/8=4+4+3+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    antikrysto zeymbekiko(greek - smyrni) (9/8=2+3+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    aptaliko zeymbekiko(greek - attalia asia minor) (9/8=3+6)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    aqsaaq (9/8=2+2+2+3)
    ['Turkish/Greek dance']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]Romany variation

    aqsaaq al-ifraanjii (9/8=4+2+3)
    ['Turkish origin']







    ,[MIDI]

    aqsaaq araj (9/8)
    [' Touma?']







    ,[MIDI]4+2+3

    aqsaaq at-turkii (5/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    aqsaaq samaa`ii ath-thaqiil (20/8=10+10)
    see: aaghr aqSaaq samaa`ii


    aqsaaq(turkey/egypt) (9/8)







    ,[MIDI]4+5





    ,[MIDI]2+2+5





    ,[MIDI]2+2+5

    arb`a w' al-`ashriin halbii (24/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+2+3+3+3+3+4+4





    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4

    arb`a wal-`ishruun (48/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

    arwal (2/4)
    see: baruel


    assamaarii(libya) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    awfar (19/4=6+4+2+7=2+2+2+2+2+2+3+4)
    see: awfar al-maSrii


    awfar al-masrii (19/4=6+4+2+7=2+2+2+2+2+2+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]Touma

    awsat al-`arabii (13/8=2+4+2+5)







    ,[MIDI]

    awsat al-maasuur (13/8=2+4+2+5)
    see: awsaT al-`arabii


    awsat at-turkii (13/4=3+2+1+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    ayyuub(egypt) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    azdaad(libya) (5/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    b'taa'ihii(algeria) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    bahrii sayafii (6/8=4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    bajja (3/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    bajja(sudan) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    bajja(sudan) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    bakdaash haanah (14/4=3+4+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    baladii (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    baladii al-maqluub (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    ballasiiq ash-shaamii (16/4)







    ,[MIDI] =3+3+4+3+3

    ballos(greek - smyrni) (4/4)
    see: syrto(Greek/Balkans)


    bambii(egypt) (4/4)
    [' modern dance rhythm (ala Hossam Ramzy)']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    banchakiir (18/8=3+3+2+2+4+4)
    see: a`araj al-kabiir


    barifshaan at-turki (32/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+2+4+2+4+4+2+2+4+2+2

    baruel (2/4)
    ['"lively"']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    barwal (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    barwal (8/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    bashraaf thaalath(libya) (10/4=3+3+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    bashraaf thaanii(libya) (8/4=3+5)







    ,[MIDI]

    bashraf(algeria) (4/4)
    ['nuba']







    ,[MIDI]

    basiit(morocco) (12/8=4+4+4)
    ['nuba']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    bataa'ihii(algeria) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    bayou(egypt) (2/4)
    ['rAqs sharqYY solo']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    bolero (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    btaa'ihii (8/4=2+3+2+1)
    ['Touma']







    ,[MIDI]

    btaa'ihii (16/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+2+3+3

    btaa'ihii(morocco) (8/8=3+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    btaa'ihii(tunisia) (8/8=3+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    btaa'ihii(tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    buhalla(tunisia) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    bunawwaara(tunisia) (8/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    bunawwarat`aqrabii(tunisia) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    buziiqa(tunisia) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    chaka (12/8=6+4+2)
    see: shaakaa


    chetvorno (7/8=3+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    chochek (4/4=3+3+2)
    see: cocek(Romany/Macedonia)


    cocek(romany/macedonia) (4/4=3+3+2)
    ['should swing']







    ,[MIDI]

    curcuna(armenia/turkey) (10/8)
    see: jurjina(Eqypt/Afghani)


    daarij (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    daarij (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    dahwah(iraq) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    dajchovo(balkans) (9/8=2+2+2+3)
    [' (or 9/16)']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]last tek is often syncopated





    ,[MIDI]Macedonian/Turkish

    daliib(sudan) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    daluuka(sudan) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI] triplets empty in the middle?

    darb al-fatih (176/4)
    [' "conquering rhythm"']







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

    darb al-wasta(yemen) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    darb as-sarii'(yemen) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    darij al-awwal(algeria) (8/16)







    ,[MIDI]

    darij ath-thaanii(algeria) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    darij(tunisia) (6/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    darij(tunisia) (24/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+6+2+4+4

    darj (4/4)
    ['Touma (perhaps flawed)']







    ,[MIDI]

    darj (6/8)
    ['Souhail Kaspar']







    ,[MIDI]

    darj(algeria) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    darj(morocco) (8/8=4+4)







    ,[MIDI]second half varies in ornament

    das'a kabiir(yemen) (11/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    das'a mutawassit?(yemen) (7/8)
    ['medium']







    ,[MIDI]

    das'a saghiir(yemen) (7/8)
    ['fast']







    ,[MIDI]

    dawaarii (10/8=4+6)







    ,[MIDI]

    dawr al-hindii (7/8=3+4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    dawr al-hindii (7/8=4+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    dawr al-kabiir halbii (28/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+3+3+4+2+4+4+2





    ,[MIDI]Syria =4+4+4+4+4+4+4

    dawr al-kabiir turkii (28/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+4+4+2+4+4+4





    ,[MIDI] =2+4+4+4+4+2+4+4

    dawr halbii (12/4=4+4+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    dawr rawaan halbii (13/4=3+4+4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    dawr rawaan mawlawii (14/8=3+4+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    dawr rawaan sharqii (13/4=3+4+4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    dawr rawaan turkii (28/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+2+4+2+2+2+4+4+2

    dawr rawaan turkii awwal (13/4=3+2+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    dawr rawaan turkii thaani (13/4=2.5+4+2+2.5+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    dharaafaat(widespread arabic) (13/8=3+3+4+3)
    see: Zaraafaat


    djerbi(tunisia) (2/4)
    see: baruel


    dkhuul al-barwal(tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]??

    duuyek (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    faaht al-warash (10/4=2+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    faakhitii (20/8)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr; also RisAla al-sharafiyya ']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]RisAla al-sharafiyya

    faakhitii (28/8)
    ['RisAla al-sharafiyya ']







    ,[MIDI]RisAla al-sharafiyya





    ,[MIDI]RisAla al-sharafiyy

    faakht (20/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+2+2+4+4+2





    ,[MIDI]Egypt =4+4+4+4+4

    faakht' al-`arabii (20/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2





    ,[MIDI] =2+2+2+2+4+2+2+4

    faakht' at-turkii (20/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+2+2+2+2+2+4+4

    faarsii (5/4)
    ['?']







    ,[MIDI]

    faarsiia(libya) (3/4)
    ['Persian origins']







    ,[MIDI]

    fajjar (11/8=3+8)







    ,[MIDI]

    fajjarii makhlaafii (6/8=3+3)
    see: yuruuk samaa`ii


    fakartii (15/4=4+2+3+3+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    fakirah (15/8=3+3+2+2+5)







    ,[MIDI]

    falaahii(egypt) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    fan bahrii(kuwait) (8/4=3+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    fan hasaawii(kuwait) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    fan najaddii(kuwait) (6/4=3+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    far`a (32/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+2+2+4+4

    far`a turkii(syria) (32/4)
    see: far`a


    farankchiin at-turkii(turkey/syria) (24/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+2+4+4+4+2+2

    fast waahida (4/4)
    see: waaHida khafiif


    fast wasta (4/4)
    see: Darb as-sarii'(Yemen)


    fezzaani al-baladii(tunisia) (4/4)
    see: fezzaani al-beduui(Tunisia)


    fezzaani al-beduui(tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    fezzaanii al-awwal(libya) (4/4)
    ['national rhythm of Tunisia?']







    ,[MIDI]

    fezzaanii al-liibii(libya/tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    fezzaanii ath-thaanii(libya/tunisia) (8/8=4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    fezzaanii(tunisia) (4/4)
    [' dance music']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    first thaqiil (8/4)
    ['Safi-al-Din 13th c.']







    ,[MIDI]

    gankino (11/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    ghiita(tunisia) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    greek tsifteteli(greek) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]traditional





    ,[MIDI]modern





    ,[MIDI]modern

    gubbaahii (2/4)
    ['sha`bI music']







    ,[MIDI]

    gumbahii(algeria) (2/4)
    see: gubbaahii


    haawii (128/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+2+4+4+6+4+4+4+4+4+4+2+2+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

    haddaadii(kuwait) (12/8=3+3+3+3)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    haddaawii (12/8)







    ,[MIDI]4+3+3+2





    ,[MIDI]3+4+3+2





    ,[MIDI]3+4+3+2





    ,[MIDI]4+3+3+2

    hafa(libya) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    hajj`a (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    hajjaawii(libya) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    halla(tunisia) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    harbii al-khafiif(sudan) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    harbii ath-thaqiil(sudan) (6/8=3+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    harbii(tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    hasajja(egypt/iraq) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    hazaj (6/8)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr']







    ,[MIDI] =1+0





    ,[MIDI]al-aSl =1+0





    ,[MIDI]RisAla al-sharafiyya =0+0

    hazaj (12/8)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr']







    ,[MIDI] =1+0+0+0





    ,[MIDI] =1+0+0+0

    hazaj al-`arabii (22/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+4+2+2+4+4





    ,[MIDI] =2+4+4+2+3+4+3

    hazaj at-turkii (44/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+2+4+4+2+4+4

    hiiwa (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    hiiwah(iraq) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    hrub(tunisia) (3/8)
    see: silsila(Tunisia)


    insiraaf (5/8)
    [' penultimate nuba phase before khlaS']







    ,[MIDI] 1st bar





    ,[MIDI] 2nd bar





    ,[MIDI]

    istabadaa(saudi) (7/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    jabaalii(saudi) (4/8)
    see: b'Taa'iHii(Algeria)


    jaluuha(libya) (2/4)
    see: sariir


    januubi(qatar) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    jerbi(tunisia) (4/4)
    [' dance rhythm; Isle of Jerba']







    ,[MIDI]

    jerk(egypt/nubia) (4/4)
    [' modern Nubian dance rhythm']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]Souhail Kaspar





    ,[MIDI]Souhail Kaspar

    jiftah (6/4=2+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    jiftah duyuk turkii(turkey) (16/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+2+4+4

    jiftah duyuk(turkey) (16/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+2+4+2+3+3

    jiib(qatar) (8/4=3+5)







    ,[MIDI]

    jiirak (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    jubii(iraq) (8/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    jurjina(eqypt/afghani) (10/8)







    ,[MIDI]2+3+2+3





    ,[MIDI]5+5

    juurjina (10/16)







    ,[MIDI]

    kalamantiano(greece) (7/8=3+2+2)
    [' Kalamata is a port in Southern Greece']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    kamilieriko zeymbekiko(greek) (9/4=2+2+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    karaatshi(egypt) (2/4)
    ['']







    ,[MIDI]

    karaatshi(egypt) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    karaatshii(egypt) (2/4)
    see: gubbaahii


    karsilama(turkey) (9/8=2+2+2+3)
    see: aqSaaq


    khafiif (12/4=4+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    khafiif al-`arabii(syria) (32/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+3+2+3

    khafiif al-ramal (6/8)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr; also RisAla al-sharafiyya ']







    ,[MIDI] =0+1

    khafiif al-ramal (12/8)
    ['RisAla al-sharafiyya ']







    ,[MIDI] =0+1+0+1

    khafiif al-ramal (10/8)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr']







    ,[MIDI] =0+0+0+0





    ,[MIDI]al-aSl =0+0+0+0

    khafiif al-thaqiil (16/8=2+2+2+2+2+2+2+2)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr']







    ,[MIDI]

    khafiif al-thaqiil (2/4)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; KitAb al-adwAr']







    ,[MIDI] =0+0





    ,[MIDI]RisAla al-sharafiyya

    khafiif at-turkii (32/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+3+3+2

    khafiif(tunisia) (6/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    khalaas al-awwal(algeria) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    khalaas ath-thaanii (3/4)
    ['Andalusian music']







    ,[MIDI]

    khaliijii (2/4)
    see: sa`udii


    khamaari(kuwait) (16/8=6+4+4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    khamaarii (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    khamriia(qatar) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    khatafa(qatar) (16/8=5+2+4+5)







    ,[MIDI]

    khatiim(tunisia) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    khatim al-musaddar(tunisia) (6/8=1+4+1)







    ,[MIDI]

    khatim(tunisia) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    khawash ranak (17/8=3+2+4+3+5)







    ,[MIDI]

    khlas (3/8)
    ['nuba rhythm']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]Algeria

    kopanica(bulgaria/balkans) (11/8)
    see: gankino


    kopanitsa(bulgaria/balkans) (11/8)
    see: gankino


    laf(egypt/levant) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    lamaawiismii (15/8=3+2+3+4+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    lanak al-faahta (10/8=2+3+3+2)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    latin (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    laz bar(greece) (7/8=3+2+2)
    see: laz(Greece)


    laz(greece) (7/8=3+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    laziko(greece) (7/8=3+2+2)
    see: laz(Greece)


    lesnoto(macedonia) (7/8=3+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    makhaalfii(qatar) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    makhbuut(sudan) (3/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    makhlas(iraq) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    makhlas(morocco) (3/8)
    see: khlaS


    makhluf(kuwait) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    malfuuf (2/4)
    see: baruel


    mannuubiyya(tunisia) (12/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    mantiliatos(thrace/trapezounta/trabzon) (7/8=4+3)
    ['kerchief dance; very fast']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    maqsuum (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]"walking"

    marb`a(libya) (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    marduum(sudan) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    marras`a ash-shaamii (19/8=4+3+4+6+2)







    ,[MIDI]4+5+4+6 Touma?





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    mars`a (12/4=3+2+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mashad(tunisia) (8/8=5+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    masmuudi as-saghiir (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    masmuudii (8/4)
    [' the Masmouda are Berbers who live west of the Rif and Grand and Middle Atlas in Morocco']







    ,[MIDI]

    masmuudii al-kabiir (8/4=4+4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    mathalwat(saudi) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    medium wasta (4/4)
    see: Darb al-wasta(Yemen)


    moroccan 6 (6/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    mudaa`af al-ramal (24/8)
    ['13th c. : SafI al-DIn; RisAla al-sharafiyya ']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]al-aSl

    mudawwar (12/4=4+2+4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar al-`arabii (6/4=2+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar al-`arabii (6/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar al-halbii (12/4=4+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar al-hawzii(algeria/tunisia) (6/8=3+3)
    ['Algerian wedding']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar al-masrii (12/4=4+2+4+2)
    see: mudawwar


    mudawwar ash-shaamii (10/4=4+2+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar ash-shaamii (12/4=4+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar at-turkii (12/4=4+4+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mudawwar rubaa`ii (14/4=2+4+4+2+2)
    see: muHajjar al-maSrii


    muhajjar (14/4=4+2+4+4)
    ['muHajjar is "stone mosaic"']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    muhajjar al-`arabii (14/4=4+4+2+3+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    muhajjar al-masrii (14/4=2+4+4+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    muhajjar al-musaddar (28/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+2+4+4+3+3+3+3+4





    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+4

    muhajjar dawlaab maqluub (17/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+3+4+2+4

    muhajjar dawlab maqlub (17/8=5+3+4+2+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    mujarrad (5/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]Tunisia

    mukhammas (16/4=7+3+2+4)
    ['mukhammas is a type of Persian verse']







    ,[MIDI]

    mukhammas al-`arabii (8/4=4+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    mukhammas al-masrii (16/4=2*8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    mukhammas at-turkii(syria) (32/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+2+4+2+4+2+2+4+2+2

    murabb`a al-beduui(tunisia) (8/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    murabb`a(tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]bedUi desert form

    murabba` (13/4=3+4+2+2+2)
    [' murabba` means "square"']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    murabba` al jazaa'ira (4/4)
    see: zaffah


    murabba` ash-sharqii (13/4=3+4+4+2)
    ['\'eastern square"']







    ,[MIDI]

    musaddar(algeria) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    musaddar(algeria) (8/8=3+3+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    musaddar(algeria/tunisia) (6/4=3+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    musaddar(tunisia) (12/4=5+4+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    musaddar(tunisia) (12/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    muzzarkaawii(libya) (2/4)
    ['nuba ']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    nabawii(sudan) (6/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    nabawii(sudan) (4/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    najjama(libya) (7/8)







    ,[MIDI]

    naqara (2/8)
    ['TA`ir = "vanish" or "swing"']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    naqash (16/8=3+2+3+3+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    naqash al-arb`iin (40/4=22+12+6)
    ['hazaj+mudawwar turkI+mudawwar `arabI']







    ,[MIDI]????

    naqash as-sitta -u-ath-thalaathiin(syria) (36/4=8+12+16=4+4+2+2+2+2+2+2+4+2+4+2+4)
    ['muHammas `arabI+rawAn maSrI+niSf muHammas turkI or muHammas `arabI+rawan `arabI awwal+niSf muHammas turkI']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    naqrazaan ar-raba`(saudi) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    naqrazaan ath-thaalat(saudi) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    naqsh as-sab`at `ashr (syria) (17/4=3+7+5+2)
    [' a`araj+nawakht+aghir aqSaq+wAHda']







    ,[MIDI]

    naqsh ath-thamaaniat-`ashr (18/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+3+3

    nawakht (7/4=3+2+2)
    [' Persian "to beat"']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    nawakht al-hindii (16/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+3+4+3+4

    nawakht al-hindii (16/8=2+3+4+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    nawwari(syria/lebanon) (4/4)
    [' line dances']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    neda voda(macedonia) (11/8)







    ,[MIDI]Macedonian "Porch Song"

    niim al-hazaj (14/4=2+2+2+2+2+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    niim al-khafiif (16/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    niim an-nawaakht (7/8=3+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    niim dawr kabiir mawlawii (14/4=1.5+1.5+1.5+1.5+3+2+3)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    niim dawr(syria) (18/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+4+3+3+4+2





    ,[MIDI] =2+4+3+3+4+2

    niim rawaan (9/4=4+5)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    niim thaqiil turkii (48/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+2+2+4+4+4

    niim uyuun hawaasii (11/8=4+3+4)







    ,[MIDI]

    nisf muhammas turkii (16/4)







    ,[MIDI] =4+2+4+2+4

    nisf niim dawr (12/4=2+3+2+3+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    noht(egypt/tunisia) (7/4=3+2+2)
    see: nawakht


    noss al-wahda (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    pajdushko(balkans) (5/8=2+3)







    ,[MIDI]

    pousnitsa(serbia/macedonia/greece/rom) (15/16)
    ['"Greek jazz"']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    pravo(balkans) (2/4)
    [' or possibly in triplets (6/8)']







    ,[MIDI]

    pravo(balkans) (6/8)
    [' triplets similar to Zonaradikos-- probably in 2/4 normally']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    qallaal (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI] intro measure

    qantara(morocco) (6/8=2+2+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    qatiquftii al-awwal (8/8=3+2+3)
    [' Turkish origin']







    ,[MIDI]

    qatiquftii ath-thaani (8/8=3+5)
    [' Turkish origin']







    ,[MIDI]

    qayiim wa nisf(morocco) (8/8=5+3)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]3+2+3 Touma writes it this way (rotated?)

    qerqenii as-sarii`(tunisia) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    qerqenii(tunisia) (4/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    quddaam (3/4)
    [' Touma']







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    quddaam(morocco) (6/8=4+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    raaks al-awwal(sudan) (5/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    raaqs ath-thaanii(sudan) (2/4)







    ,[MIDI]

    rachenitsa(bulgaria/balkans) (7/8)







    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]





    ,[MIDI]

    radmaan(saudi) (5/4=3+2)







    ,[MIDI]

    rahaj (22/4)







    ,[MIDI] =2+2+2+2+2+2+1+1+3+2+2

    ramal (12/8)
    ['13th c. : ']